Category - anal
Radiation therapy uses a beam of high-energy rays (or particles) to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Radiation therapy can be used as part of the main treatment (along with chemotherapy) for most anal cancers (this is called chemoradiation.). radiation therapy is the most common treatment for anal cancer. If your doctor recommends radiation, you may be worried about what treatment will entail. Radiation oncologists specialize in treating cancer with radiation. Cancer principles and practice of oncology (10th edition) vt de vita, ts lawrence and sa rosenberg lippincott, williams and wilkins, 2015. Anal cancer esmo-esso-estro clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up r. In the past, surgery was the only treatment for anal cancer, but today, the disease is often treated with a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Surgery remains an option for early-stage anal cancer , particularly stage 0, and some stage i and ii anal cancers. Anal cancer is a cancer that begins in the anus, the opening at the end of the gastrointestinal tract through which stool, or solid waste, leaves the body. The anus begins at the bottom of the rectum, which is the last part of the large intestine (also called the colon). Anal cancer usually affects adults over age 60 and women more often than men. Anal cancer treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, andor surgery. Get detailed information about newly diagnosed and recurrent anal cancer including risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary. Anal cancer is a cancer which arises from the anus, the distal opening of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include bleeding from the anus or a lump near the anus. Other symptoms may include pain, itchiness, or discharge from the anus. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to destroy cancer cells. It is usually given during the same time period as chemotherapy. Your healthcare team will consider your personal needs to plan the type and amount of radiation, and when and how it is.